Gender equality and occupational segregation in Nordic labour markets / Helinš Melkas and Richard Anker
Author(s): Helinš Melkas and Richard Anker
Date: 1998

Finland, Norway and Sweden provide a unique opportunity to study gender-based segregation. They have detailed and similar census data on occupations, and their societies are similar, while they have had sufficiently different recent economic experiences to allow interesting comparisons. This region has also been a "test laboratory" for gender equality policies. This book describes the characteristics and dynamics of women's occupational status over the past two decades, analyzing how and why these countries differ from each other and from other OECD countries. The authors ask which occupations are female- or male-dominated; how occupational segregation changed since 1970; what effect the occupational structure has had on segregation; the extent to which household work has become monetized; and how the feminization of occupations is associated with status and pay. Innovative methodologies reveal an interesting pattern of high gender equality combined with extensive occupational segregation, which the authors argue is not good for women, men or the economy.