State feminism and political representation / edited by Joni Lovenduski with Claudie Baudino ... [et al.]
Author(s): Joni Lovenduski and Claudie Baudino
Date: 2005

How can women maximise their political influence? Does state feminism enhance the political representation of women? Should feminism be established in state institutions to treat women’s concerns? Written by experts in the field, this book uses an innovative model of political influence to construct answers to these and other questions in the long-running debate over the political representation of women. The book assesses how states respond to women’s demands for political representation in terms of both their inclusion as actors and the consideration of their interests in the decision-making process. Debates on the issue vary from country to country, depending on institutional structures, women’s movements and other factors, and this book offers the first comparative account of the subject. The authors analyse eleven democracies in Europe and North America and present comprehensive research from the 1960s to the present.


  • Introduction: state feminism and the political representation of women; JONI LOVENDUSKI
  • Gendering political representation: debates and controversies in Austria; REGINA KÖPL
  • The Belgian paradox: inclusion and exclusion of gender issues; PETRA MEIER
  • A politics for presence: state feminism, women’s movements and political representation in Finland; ANNE MARIA HOLLI AND JOHANNA KANTOLA
  • Gendering the republican system: debates on women’s political representation in France; CLAUDIE BAUDINO
  • WPAs and political representation in Germany; LYNN KAMENITSA AND BRIGITTE GEISSEL
  • Gendering the debate on political representation in Italy: a difficult challenge; MARILA GUADAGNINI 
  • High tides in a low country: gendering political representation in the Netherlands; JANTINE OLDERSMA
  • The women’s movement, gender equality agencies and central-state debates on political representation in Spain; CELIA VALIENTE
  • Party feminism, state feminism and women’s representation in Sweden; DIANE SAINSBURY
  • Party government and women’s representation debates: the UK; JONI LOVENDUSKI
  •  Women’s policy agencies, the women’s movement and representation in the USA; JANINE A. PARRY
  • Conclusions: state feminism and political representation; JONI LOVENDUSKI, CLAUDIE BAUDINO, MARILA GUADAGNINI, PETRA MEIER AND DIANE SAINSBURY

JONI LOVENDUSKI is Professor of Politics at Birkbeck College, University of London. She is author of Women and European Politics (1986) and Feminising Politics (2005) and editor of Feminism and Politics (2000). She has co-authored and co-edited a number of other books and has published numerous papers, articles and chapters on gender and politics.

CLAUDIE BAUDINO received her Ph.D. in Political Science from Paris IX-Dauphine University in 2000. A member of the French RNGS (Research Network on Gender Politics and the State) team, she teaches courses on social science, and her research focuses on political and linguistic representation of women in France. Her publications include Politique de la langue et différence sexuelle. La politisation du genre des noms de métier (L’Harmattan, 2001), ‘La cause des femmes à l’épreuve de son institutionnalisation’, Revue Politix, 51, 2000, and ‘Le genre gâché. La féminisation de l’action publique’ (in collaboration with Amy G. Mazur), Revue Espace-Temps, 2001.

BRIGITTE GEISSEL received her Ph.D. in political science from the Technische Universität Berlin and she has been employed as Research Fellow at the Social Science Research Centre Berlin (WZB) since 2004. She is also Lecturer (Lehrbeauftragte) at the Technical University of Berlin and in the winter term of 2004/5 she was guest professor at the University of Münster. She has worked at several universities within Germany and the USA. Her research interest is the relation between citizen and democracy in developed democracies, especially participation and new forms of governance. She has published on civil and political participation, e.g. on women in parties and parliaments in Germany, on civil society and on participatory governance. Her recent publications include ‘Dynamiken der politischen Partizipation. Politische Partizipation von Frauen und Männern’,, 2003 (with Virginia Penrose), and Zivilgesellschaft und Sozialkapital, with Ansgar Klein, Kristine Kern and Maria Berger (VS Verlag, 2004).

MARILA GUADAGNINI is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Turin. She is author of II sistema politico italiano. Temi per una discussione (Il Segna libro, 1997) and La stagione del disincanto? Cittadini, cittadine e politica alle soglie del 2000 (Il Segna libro, 2001), co-author of II soffitto di cristallo? Le donne nelle posizioni decisionali in Europa (Edizioni Fondazione Olivetti, 1999) and editor of Da elettrici a elette. Riforme istituzionali e rappresentanza delle donne in Italia, in Europa e negli Stati Uniti (Celid, 2003). She has published numerous chapters and articles on gender and politics, and wrote the chapters on Italy in Comparative State Feminism, edited by D. McBride Stetson and A. Mazur (Sage, 1995) and State Feminism, Women’s Movements and Job Training: Making Democracies Work in the Global Economy, edited by A. Mazur (Routledge, 2001).

ANNE MARIA HOLLI is currently Researcher (Academy of Finland) at the Department of Political Science, University of Helsinki. Her major areas of research are in the fields of public equality policies, women in the media, and women and politics in general. Her most recent publications include Discourse and Politics for Gender Equality in Late Twentieth Century Finland (Helsinki University Press, 2003) and an edited volume (together with T. Saarikoski and E. Sana) on Finnish equality policies, Tasa-arvopolitiikan haasteet (WSOY, 2002). She is also a co-author of Equal Democracies? Gender and Politics in the Nordic Countries, edited by C. Bergqvist et al. (Scandinavian University Press, 1999), and wrote the chapters on Finland in State Feminism, Women’s Movements and Job Training: Making Democracies Work in the Global Economy, edited by A. Mazur (Routledge, 2001) and The Politics of Prostitution: Women’s Movements, Democratic States and the Globalisation of Sex Commerce, edited by Joyce Outshoorn (Cambridge University Press, 2004).

LYNN KAMENITSA is Associate Professor of Political Science and Women’s Studies at Northern Illinois University. Her previous research has focused on abortion policy, local women’s offices, the women’s movement in united Germany, and women’s and other social movements from the former East Germany. Her work has appeared in the journals Comparative Politics, Women & Politics, Problems of Post-Communism, Mobilization, and German Politics & Society.

JOHANNA KANTOLA obtained her Ph.D. from the University of Bristol and is currently a researcher at the Politics Department of the University of Helsinki, where she is also teaching feminisms and international relations. She has published in International Journal of Feminist Politics, European Journal of Women’s Studies and European Political Science, as well as in The Politics of Prostitution: Women’s Movements, Democratic States and the Globalisation of Sex Commerce, edited by Joyce Outshoorn (Cambridge University Press, 2004). She is the co-editor of the Finnis